International Centre for Cruise Research
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Acharya, Anjali.  "Small Islands Awash in a Sea of Troubles," World Watch Magazine, 1995, 8:6 (Nov-Dec), 24 -33

Overfishing development, pollution, and climate change are putting increasing pressure on the world's island states. Most island states are extremely export-specialized and depend heavily on imports for consumer goods, fuel, and sometimes food. Construction of hotels and dumping of waste from cruise ships damage ecosystems, including habitats of fish that may be an important source of income and coral reefs that protect and replenish the beaches. Toxic commerce and nuclear tests are serious threats, and rising sea levels and increased weather disturbances as a result of global warming could be catastrophic. Recently introduced environmental initiatives and efforts of island states to counter the threats that face them by forming alliances that increase their political clout are reviewed.