for Cruise Research
centre for research and for
economic impact of cruise ships in
the 1990s: Some evidence from the Caribbean
Ph.D., Kent State University,
2001, 150 pages
nations in the Caribbean have limited
opportunities for growth with their small populations and markets.
Tourism, an industry that these countries have a comparative advantage
in, is seen
as a growth industry and a way to development.
tourist in the Caribbean,
the stopover tourist, arrives on an airplane and stays a week to 10
The cruise industry was seen as a supplement to traditional stopover
tourism, with cruise arrivals typically only spending part of a day on
before moving on to a new destination. With the expansion of the cruise
industry in the 1990s, the tourist arrival composition for many small
nations in the Caribbean changed. In the 1990s, for the first
time, traditional stopover tourist arrivals were fewer than cruise
for most of these nations.
Most of the
island nations in the Caribbean
have welcomed all the cruise ships that are willing to stop. These
view increased cruise tourism as a path towards development. While the
increased arrivals have resulted in increased spending, the costs and
cruise arrivals have to be considered. While there are clearly social
environmental concerns in regards to cruise tourism, this study only
addressed the economic issues.
in the 1980s have evaluated the economic impact of
cruise ships, but they were looking at a totally different industry
to the industry today and its importance to these nations. Using a
the economic impact of cruise ship arrivals on these countries was
investigated. This study considered the economic impact of cruise
investment, government, and import spending for independent island
nations in the
1990s to see if continued expansion of facilities for cruise ships
a worthwhile method of development.
selected for evaluation in this study were Antigua
and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Jamaica. These countries all
have similar backgrounds and history, being former British colonies. In
addition, the countries are geographically fairly well dispersed in the