for Cruise Research
centre for research and for
Dwyer, Larry, Ngaire Douglas, and Zelko Livaic. "Estimating the
economic contribution of a cruise ship visit," Tourism in Marine Environments,
2004, 1:1, 5-16.
The international cruise industry has
consistently recorded an average annual growth rate of 8.4% since 1980
with the fastest growth happening in the last decade. However,
while the domestic market is small -- some 50,000 Australians take a
cruise annually -- Australia's cruise potential lies in the growing
international recognition as a safe, interesting destination.
Measuring the economic impact of a cruise ship's visit is a challenging
task. Consideration must be given to whether it is a port of
embarkation/disembarkation or a port of call only, and the facilities
and infrastructure available for both ship operations and passenger
needs. This article provides estimates of cruise-related
expenditure using data for Cairns in Far North Queensland. A
framework for classifying cruise related expenditure is
developed. The framework is, in principle, capable of application
to estimate the economic impacts of cruise tourism in any port of call.
Dwyer, Larry and Peter Forsyth.
"Economic significance of cruise
of Tourism Research, 1998, 25:2, 393-415
business is a growing
segment of the
international tourism market. While there have been studies of its
impacts on a national level, the issues of the costs and benefits and
received scant attention. This paper develops a
framework for assessing the economic impacts of cruise tourism
for a nation and its subregions. It further explores how the framework
used to estimate the relevant benefits and costs. A case study of
cruise tourism in
shows how the framework can be implemented and discusses some policy
implications. This analysis can facilitate future research, empirical
and strategy development relevant to cruise tourism.