International Centre for Cruise Research
A virtual centre for research and for researchers

Klein, Ross A.  "Left In Its Wake," Alternatives Journal, 28:4, 22-26

Cruise ships have gained a reputation for environmental violations, including illegal tank releases, toxic leaks, food waste dumping, and oily waste dumping. The International Council of Cruise Lines (ICCL) has adopted standards for its member ships; how
ever these standards are seldom certified or enforced. Political pressures are reflected in environmental practices, as are ports of call with weak regulations. Particularly tight restrictions are applied to the Caribbean, where cruise ships impose a heavy environmental footprint. Many nations are taxing cruise ships to generate revenue for waste management strategies. Examples of shipboard waste management problems are described in the Caribbean and in Alaska.