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Lawton, L. J. and Butler, R. W. "Cruise ship industry - patterns in the Caribbean 1880-1986,"  Tourism Management, 1987, 8:4, 329-343 

The historical development of the Caribbean cruise ship industry from 1880 to the present is examined. Cruise ship itineraries from the New York Times and other sources were used to derive potential passenger statistics by ports of call and embarkation. The spatial development and growth of this sector in the Caribbean since World War 2 are shown and discussed in the accompanying figures and text. The highly dynamic nature of the industry, particularly with repsect to changing ports of origin is revealed. Major influences in the patterns include legislation, external economic factors and political developments, as well as market shifts.