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Lois, P.; Wang, J.; Wall, A. and Ruxton, T.  "Formal safety assessment of cruise ships," Tourism Management, 2004, 25:1, 93-109
This paper examines the applicability of formal safety assessment to the cruise industry worldwide. Formal safety assessment and its development in the cruise shipping industry are described. Cruise ship accident statistics are studied and discussed. This is followed by an analysis of cruise ship characteristics and a proposed formal safety assessment methodology for cruise ships. A case study is carried out in order to demonstrate the proposed methodology. Further development in formal safety assessment in the context of cruise ship safety is finally discussed in detail.