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Misenhimer, Sheryl Stansberry,
Cruise ship participation and its effect on self-confidence
M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 1988, 58 pages

The purpose of this study was to determine if participant self-confidence would increase due to a shared recreational cruise ship experience. The study group consisted of 31 females and 8 males who had gone on a 7 day or longer cruise. Subjects were given a pretest prior to their cruise and a posttest on the last day of their cruise. The tool used was the Adjective Check List by H. Gough.

The findings involving the total population as well as the separate male and female subgroups indicated no signficant change of self-confidence levels (p > .05).

For participants under 40 the findings indicated a significant (p = .022) reduction of self-confidence levels. Findings further indicated a significant (p = .0035) gain of self-confidence in those over 40. Based on these findings, it was concluded that self-confidence levels were increased for persons over 40.