for Cruise Research
centre for research and for
“Cruise Line Forced to Address Pollution,” Risk Management.
2004, 51:7 (July), 8
discusses the decision of Royal Caribbean cruise lines to begin
advanced water purification equipment on its entire fleet to properly
large daily amounts of sewage and waste each ship creates. This is in
to an aggressive campaign led by the environmental advocate Oceana.
decision marks a renewed environmental commitment by the company, which
was fined $27 million by the U.S.
government for illegally dumping waste oil and hazardous chemicals in
waters and covering up the crime. Aside from Royal Caribbean, nearly
million in fines have been handed out to various cruise lines since
illegal dumping, including Carnival cruise lines. Given that many
are based in other countries and travel in international waters, it is
sometimes difficult to monitor and police their activities with regard
pollution, especially since cruise ships are exempt from the
the Clean Water Act, which is designed to cover land-based operations.
U.S. Congress has remained diligent in pursuing cruise ship polluters.
provision of the Act to Prevent Pollution
from Ships established a bounty for those providing information leading
conviction of illegal dumping. The U.S. Congress has also introduced
Cruise Ships Act of 2004 to make up for the deficiencies of the Clean